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Cat disease & diseases Prevention

Do you know that two-thirds of all cats will experience a potentially serious illness at some point in their lives? Diabetes, protein or blood in the urine, liver problems... early detection is vital. Many common cat diseases can be prevented in two ways: 1)Keeping your cat indoors; 2)Having your cat vaccinated according to your veterinarian's advice.

Cat diseases and Prevention

cat's health depends on many things including a proper vaccination program, comprehensive parasite control, grooming and training. Kittens are usually born with some immunity which soon wanes, that is why vaccinations are necessary. Some diseases are hereditary and cannot be detected early.

cat disease

What are some common cat diseases? Rabies, Upper Respiratory Infections, Feline distemper, Feline Immunodeficiency virus, Feline Leukamia Virus, Feline Infectious Peritonitis to name a few.

Rabies: Rabies is a viral illness that infected animals transmit through bite wounds. Rabies can be a fatal illness and it attacks the nervous system. Nowadays, rabies is more common in cats than any other domestic animal. By law, cats should be vaccinated against rabies. Proof of vaccination is necessary to show in the unlikely scenario of your cat biting someone. In addition to vaccination, prevent rabies by ensuring your cat is indoors most of the time.

Upper respiratory infections (URIs).
URIs are similar in many ways to the common cold in humans and produce many of the same symptoms: sneezing, runny nose and eyes, reddened eyes, fever, and decreased appetite. However, URIs can be much more serious than common colds—they can be fatal if left untreated. These airborne viruses are highly contagious; they can be transmitted to cats through human handling and through contact with other cats and with inanimate objects such as litter boxes, food bowls, and grooming tools. Separate any new cat from your other cats for at least three weeks until you are sure your newcomer doesn't have any symptoms of a URI.

Prevention is the best approach to URIs—have your cat vaccinated. But if your cat does come down with cold-like symptoms, contact your veterinarian right away. The veterinarian will probably prescribe antibiotics to prevent secondary infections and give you precise care instructions. Follow them carefully and make sure your cat eats and drinks sufficiently.

Feline distemper: Also known as feline panleukopenia, feline distemper shows symptoms such as vomiting, loss of appetite, diarrhea and is very highly contagious. Feline distemper transmits through human contact, infected cats, clothing, hair, paws, food bowls. Best way to prevent is vaccinatiion.

Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV).
FIV is similar to human acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), but it is not the same virus and cannot be passed to humans.

This fatal virus attacks the immune system, causing a variety of symptoms. General signs can include chronic, nonresponding infections; respiratory problems; appetite loss; persistent diarrhea; and severe oral infections. FIV is passed from cat to cat primarily through bites. There is currently no vaccination or cure for FIV.

Feline infectious peritonitis (FIP). FIP is a virus that is almost always fatal to cats. This virus can take two forms, commonly referred to as wet (which involves fluid in the abdomen) and dry (which does not). Both forms of FIP may cause fever, lethargy, vomiting, diarrhea, and loss of appetite. Blood test usually determines if your cat is exposed to this kind of virus. Some recently developed vaccines do give some hope as there hasn't been an effective treatment for FIP. The best prevention is to keep your cat indoors, up-to-date on vaccines, and away from strange animals.

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